The outcome is expected to improve mass deployment of EWT for onchocerciasis elimination evaluations and assessments of onchocerciasis transmission dynamics.
The elimination guidelines set forth by the World Health Organization to determine whether or not Onchocerca volvulus transmission has been successfully interrupted in an endemic community rely on testing 6,000 flies in a transmission zone for infectivity using polymerase chain reaction. The gold standard method for catching these flies is human landing catch (HLC), which poses ethical issues through the use of humans as bait and poses additional logistical and technical difficulties in many settings.
Esperanza window trap (EWT) was developed for black fly collection and has the potential to collect large number of flies required to meet elimination guidelines without the accompanying ethical issues. EWT has not been validated for use to verify onchocerciasis elimination, for a number of reasons: 1. EWT varies significantly in different ecological locations and countries; 2. Tangle foot (the required glue) is extremely difficult to source and transport.
By undertaking fly catches using a variety of glues and processing the flies by PCR this study aims to determine if locally available glues can be successfully substituted for tanglefoot and if flies caught via this mechanism can be successfully processed by PCR for determination of elimination status.