Main objective

The study is a cost analysis of the following outcomes:

  • Uptake of eye health services, particularly among women and men with disabilities and/or belonging to other marginalised groups, in target districts in Pakistan
  • Eye health services, specifically human resources and facilities, are inclusive towards marginalised groups in the target districts in Pakistan
  • Utilise Sightsavers policy expertise towards ensuring that inclusive eye health is prioritised in Pakistan government health plans


The costing study estimates the cost of improving access to eye health services for people with disabilities, and the cost of raising awareness of inclusive health in Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Added value of the study

The programme effectively delivered eye examinations to 2,373,473 patients, 85,828 cataract surgeries and trained 2,290 staff for a total cost of £2,759,065 (GBP 2021).

The longer term benefits are not even considered, as some of the partners are already cascading their learnings to other hospitals (e.g. Quasem Foundation and Dhaka Progressive Lions Eye Hospitals).

Policy and practice implications

It is one of the few studies that displays how expenditures are distributed and how much it costs to implement inclusive eye health services to an existing eye health programme. Although, we would expect costs to decrease if the scale and the length of the programme increased.



Study details
Start date
1 July 2021
Finish date
31 March 2022
Main contact
Guillaume Trotignon
Senior Research Associate
  • LRBT Karachi
  • Civil Society Human and Institutional Development Programme (CHIP)
  • Special Talent Exchange Programme (STEP)