Background: to assess the extent to which climate may affect the abundance of musca sorbens, a putative vector of trachoma.
Studies were identified by systematically searching online databases including CAB abstracts, Embase, Global Health, Medline, Web of Science and BIOS Online, references from key articles, and the websites of relevant international agencies. A systematic literature review was conducted of field and laboratory studies that reported the impact of climate factors (e.g. temperature, humidity) on the synanthropic fly musca sorbens. Data were systematically extracted and studies assessed for quality by two readers. Study results were reported narratively.
A total of 16 studies met the inclusion criteria but only three evaluated associations between climatic/abiotic factors and M. sorbens. Limited evidence indicates that M. sorbens abundance has an optimal temperature and humidity range. Thirteen studies reported seasonal patterns but no consistent pattern was found between season and the abundance of M. sorbens.
The evidence base regarding the effect of climatic factors on M. sorbens is limited, so it is difficult to construct a biological model driven by climate for this species. A multivariate statistical approach based on the climate of sites where M. sorbens is found may better capture its complex relationship with climatic factors as well as aid in mapping the global range of M. sorbens.