The inclusion of inclusive education in international development: lessons from Papua New Guinea


A new ‘inclusive’ curriculum has been introduced in Papua New Guinea (PNG), with significant levels of support from a bilateral development agency. The curriculum is inclusive in the sense that it is designed to meet the diverse, complex and ever-changing needs of students. Research indicates the curriculum has been shaped by various influences, most particularly Western educational ideology.

Research in remote rural schools revealed that stakeholders were unable and unwilling to adopt many of the precepts of the new curriculum. Broader analysis indicates that this is likely to be the case elsewhere in PNG. In the light of these findings, it is proposed that international development agencies, if they wish to effectively promote inclusive education, should become more ‘inclusive’ organisations – in the sense that they should adopt more responsive and participatory approaches in low income countries.

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Publication details
Date published
7 May 2012